Water Supply System at the Tsar’s Courtyard. History of Water Supply Techniques from XVII to XX c.

The exposition is arranged in the Water Tower, a unique example of Old Russian architecture dating to 1640-1650. Inits form the tower has no counterparts either in wooden or in stone architecture. At the same time it corresponds in general to the national style and harmonizes with every other building of the ancient Tsar’s residence. The tower was built at the order of Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich. Its water-lifting device delivered the water for the Tsar’s Courtyard.

At the tower you will learn the history of the architectural site, stages of its restoration as well as water supply system in Old Russia. Every-day life items that reflect the needs of the XVII century Tsar’s Courtyard are on display. Besides you can see illustrations of water lifting devices of the time, find out about the construction of the first pressure water supply at Moscow Kremlin and about water-lifting system at the Tsar’s Courtyard in Kolomenskoye.

A functioning model of the Water Tower showing the principle of water lifting and delivery is central to the exposition. In the course of thorough research the museum experts group consulted by Valery Volshanik, professor of Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, managed to reconstruct examples of water-lifting machinery.

Water lifting techniques were widely used in landscape architecture in the second half of XVII and in the XVIII century. At the exposition you can see images of fountains of Izmailovo and Lefortovo. Water distributing devices used in Russian in the XIX and the beginning of the XX century illustrate further development of water supplies.

On early XX century postcards you can see water and fire towers including the Water Tower in Kolomenskoye.

Material for exposition was presented by private collectors. The exposition comprises photos and documents from the Moscow State Integrated Museum-Reserve andStateHistoricalMuseumstock as well as from the Russian State Archive of Ancient Acts and every-day life items illustrating the epoch.

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