Smith’s Yard (Smith’s house and a working smithy) at the Ethnographic Centre

This Yard includes the smith’s house, the house of the smith’s son, a working smithy and a barn.
In the XIX and the beginning of the XX century there were several smithies in Kolomenskoye. The smiths made farming tools and details, woodman’s and carpenter’s tools as well as peasants’ homeware (pots and pans, oven forks, knives and scissors, rushlight holders and candlesticks, metal wrought chests. If tools had to be just solid and durable, the homeware was to be not only functional but also beautiful. A considerable part of iron hammerwork was intended as architectural millwork. Window openings were furnished with open-work lattices and roofs counters were decorated with ornamental notching. For wooden houses smiths made iron door hinges, locks, door handles and rings as well as various kinds of nails.
The exposition arranged in the house acquaints the visitor with every-day metal items dated from XVII to the beginning of the XX century and the every-day life of artisans at the turn of the XX century at the outskirts of Moscow. In Russian villages there was a belief a smith can not only hammer out a plough or fetter a chest, but also cure diseases or organize a wedding. 1 November, the autumn fete of Sts Kosmas and Damian, smiths’ patron saints, was considered a girls’ holiday and was celebrated with games and courtship.

At the Ethnographic centre you will be able to take part in cultural and educational programs focusing on Russian folk traditions and trades.

At the farm you can see a working smithy equipped with a brick furnace with an iron canopy, a two-beak iron, a vice, several bench hammers, a sledgehammer, gripping tongue with various kinds of sponge, and a chisel. Just with these simple tools the contemporary masters will create in the face of the visitors an art object which anyone can acquire.

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