The complex includes a dwelling house and separate household premises typical of a peasant’s yard: a stable with a horse and a cow, a hennery, a small storehouse for grain, as well as a back garden. The dwelling house reconstruction was based on archive documentation and photographs of peasant’s houses of Kolomenskoye dating to the end of the XIX and the beginning of the XX century. The total area of the reconstructed farm is 0.18 hectares.
The main occupations of Kolomenskoye peasants were market gardening and seeds selection.
The market gardening in Kolomenskoye was of great importance. The vegetables grown here, in particular the fresh and pickled cabbage, were delivered to Moscow markets, fabrics. shops and restaurants, army kitchens and even the Emperor’s table.
Kolomenskoye households differed in richness from those of the villages of Moscow region. The peasants had houses with closed and semi-closed yards that comprised several household structures, vast vegetable gardens, haylands and arable lands.
A peasant’s house in Kolomenskoye at the end of the XIX century and the beginning of the XX century consisted of a front room, a klet’ (the host’s study-room), an antechamber and a high brick basement for farming tools. To plant cabbage, special sticks were used. The planting sticks were expensive and often bore the host’s name.
The cabbage was cut in pinewood troughs, pickled and stored in huge tubs that had a capacity from 2 to 5 tons and were dug into the ground.
At the exposition you will learn how different vegetables were processed and stored and see various farming tools from the museum collection.
At the basement you will see a Dolly Shop exposition.
At the cattle yard you will find a horse, a cow and hens, and at the vegetable garden there are different traditional plants (cabbage, cucumbers, carrot, garlic, fennel, horse radish, as well as black currant and gooseberry bushes and apple trees.
The Peasant’s farm reconstructed in Kolomenskoye has preserved a genuine combination of rustic and urban traditions and creates a bright image of a Kolomenskoye peasant.