The house of Peter I is the only Moscow memorial museum dedicated to the Russian tsar and reformer. It was specially built for him in 1702 on the St. Mark Island at the outfall of the Northern Dvina River flowing into the White Sea. The tsar lived in this house for 2 months supervising the construction of Novodvinsky fort aimed at the defense of Arkhangelsk, the only sea port in Russia at that time, from expected attacks of the Swedish fleet.
This simple wooden house consists of three warm living rooms and entryway between them. One of the main characteristics of the house is a great amount of windows that made contemporaries call it ‘Tsar’s light front rooms’. In the 19th century, the house of Peter I was transported to Arkhangelsk and a wooden protective shelter was constructed around it in order to keep it safe. Later on this wooden shelter was replaced with a brick one. In post-revolutionary years this historical monument was threatened with destruction, so in 1936 architect Peter Baranovsky transported it to Kolomenskoye.
In 2008, a full-scale scientific restoration of the monument was held. Repair and restoration works included strengthening and replacement of missing elements of the construction, renovation of rafters, floor and ceiling system, renovation and replacement of logs and reconstruction of porch elements. The exposition in the house of Peter I represents the interior of the time when the tsar lived there. It also recounts the first period of the reforms enacted by Peter I and shows the interests of the tsar.