Dyakovo Hillfort (Kolomenskoye)

The settlement gave its name to the Dyakovo archeological culture that spread on a big territory from the upstream of theVolgaRiverto theOkaRiverfrom the VIII century B.C. till the VIII century A.D. The most ancient settlers on this territory were Finno-Ugric tribes, but at the beginning of the new era the Balts advanced toMoskvaRiver basin.

Till the III century B.C. the settlement consisted of 2 or 3 long houses with a gable roof supported by pillars and walls made of hurdle. The house was divided into several small rooms with open fire places in the centre of each one. Hand-made pottery with textile print on its surface, bone arrows and glass beads brought from theBlack Searegion were typical of that period of time.

In the II century B.C., the culture of the settlement inhabitants changed. Long houses were replaced with isolated ones, almost square in form. The tableware type changed as well: polished bowls become widespread by the beginning of the new era. Iron double-barbed arrows took the place of bone ones. Copper finery outlook has changed as its mass-production began.

In the V-IV centuries B.C. the settlement was fortified with a 1.6 meters-high earthwork that had wooden walls. The dwellers were hunting and fishing, breeding livestock, gathering berries and mushrooms and other edible food and cultivating various plants.

Clay plummets of the ‘Dyakovo type’ make one of the main object groups typical of the Dyakovo culture. It is highly possible that they were put on hand spindles for better rotating. In different soil layers of the settlement archeologists found various cult significant objects such as anthropomorphous clay statuettes, ornamented plates and clay replicas of various objects (for example, miniature pots).


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