Fabric, bone and leather

The collection that comprises Old Russian and folk art objects dating back from the XVII to the mid-XX century and made of fabric, bone, leather and miscellaneous materials numbers over 1,600 objects. Churchware takes the majority of the collection and includes suspended icon veils, aers for church vessels and priest vestments (surplices, albs, phelonia, stoles, mitres).

Two phelonia, XVIII century

Milestones in the History of Kolomenskoye exposition
at the Front Gate of the Tsar’s Courtyard in Kolomenskoye

Some of the items serve as patterns of embroidery (facial and ornamental techniques), others are made of materials brought from abroad and combined with fine Russian handmade textiles.

Another equally interesting part of the collection includes folk art objects and clearly shows vestment and everyday life particularities of various regions. One can see peasant costumes, separate cloth articles and everyday life objects typical of northern and southern regions of Russia in the XIX and the beginning of the XX century: shirts, sarafans, homespun woolen skirts, clasps, headwear, breast accessories, towels, edgings, tablecloths etc.

Women’s costume: shirt and homespun woolen skirt, beginning of the XX century

Tulaprovince, Chernsky district (south ofCentral Russia)

Towel, beginning of the XX century

Sbornik, women’s headwear, XIX century

Arkhangelskprovince, thevillageofPermogorye(North Russia)

Besides, the collection comprises various items belonging to urban culture such as umbrellas, purses, shawls, corsets etc, which shows the penetration of the fashion typical for cities into the country. Some objects of urban culture including a wedding dress and shawls were transported from the Sadovaya Sloboda village situated close to the former Tsar’s estate of Kolomenskoye.

Wedding dress, beginning of the XX century

ThevillageofSadovaya Sloboda

Milestones in the History of Kolomenskoye exposition
at the Front Gate of the Tsar’s Courtyard in Kolomenskoye

The largest group within the collection comprises everyday life things such as fans, shovels, hat pins, paperweights, as well as boxes made of wood and bone.

Among items made of bone there is a secretaire, a rare furniture template dating back to the end of the XVIII century. Its whole surface is covered with portraits of royal family members starting from Rurik and ending with Catherine the Great, Paul I (Pavel Petrovich) and his sons – Alexander and Constantine. The portraits let specialists suppose that the secretaire was made especially for a certain member of the Emperor’s family on the occasion of a significant date.

Secretaire, end of the XVIII century

Kholmogory,North Russia

Milestones in the History of Kolomenskoye exposition
at the Front Gate of the Tsar’s Courtyard in Kolomenskoye

There is no doubt that the diversity of the collection that includes items of the past and present centuries appeals to the visitor creating in his mind vivid pictures of the history.

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