Graphics

Graphic art works have been coming to the museum stock since 1923, the year of its foundation. The present graphic collection comprises more than 13,000 items including separate sheets, albums, maps, postcards and carving on linoleum, most of which date back from the end of the XVIII century to the XX century. Over the last few years, the collection has been enriched with oil painting. All the great variety of graphic techniques viz. art reproduction engraving, lithography, autoreproduction, author’s graphics (drawings, water-colours, painting) and photomechanic art reproduction (phototype, photoengraving, helioengraving) are represented here. Linoleum engraving that has appeared not a long time ago makes a considerable part of the collection.

The collection of graphics is topically related to the history of Kolomenskoye and to other collections of the museum: one can see images of the numerous Tsar’s and imperial palaces that existed in Kolomenskoye, portraits of their owners as well as political and historic figures who influenced the destiny of Kolomenskoye.

Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich

Copy made at the first half of the XVIII century after a XVII century parsuna
Canvas; oil
Milestones in the History of Kolomenskoye exposition

at the Front Gate of the Tsar’s Courtyard in Kolomenskoye

The museum stock comprises albums on Old Russian decorative and applied art and on icon painting. Estates ofMoscowand the nearby countryside as well as images of oldMoscoware also largely represented.

Views of palaces that were erected in Kolomenskoye in the period from XVII to XIX century make the most important part of the collection. Here one can find an engraving that depicts thePalaceofTsar Alexey Mikhailovich Romanovbuilt in 1667, which is a copy of an earlier engraving made by Friederich Gilferding four years before the palace was deconstructed.

A View of Kolomenskoye Old Country Summer Palace near Moscow, engraving

Milestones in the History of Kolomenskoye exposition

at the Front Gate of the Tsar’s Courtyard in Kolomenskoye

The XVII century palace is also represented on gouache paintings that were created in the 1830s and till the beginning of the XX century belonged to Alexey Bakhrushin and Peter Schukin, well-known Moscow collectors of the second half of the XIX century, as well as on XIX century water colours that are attributed to students of Fedor Solntsev, painter and archaeologist who devoted all his life to graphic representation Old Russian artistic sites.

Unknown painter

A View of Kolomenskoye Palace from the West, a gouache

The 1830s

Milestones in the History of Kolomenskoye exposition

at the Front Gate of the Tsar’s Courtyard in Kolomenskoye

Sketch engravings reproducing the drawings of Kolomenskoye outskirts that were made by French master Guérard dela Bartheat the end of the XVIII century are the jewel of the museum collection.

Guérard de la Barthe
A View that opens from the Terrace of theImperialPalace in Kolomenskoye.

Birthplace of His Majesty Peter I,

Sketch water-coloured engraving

End of the XVIII century
Milestones in the History of Kolomenskoye exposition

at the Front Gate of the Tsar’s Courtyard in Kolomenskoye

Architectural graphics makes a valuable part of the museum stock. It includes drawings of Kolomenskoye buildings, some of the premises of Solovetsky and Nikolo-Perervinsky Monasteries as well asMoscowchurches and iconostases most of which have not survived till our days. Plans, façade and sectional drawings and surveys were made by XIX century architects, among them many well-known ones (Nikolay Shokhin, Vasily Kritov, Dmitry Vinogradov, E.Silov, Eugraph Tyurin).

Eugraph Tyurin

Façade of the Newly Built Palace in the Village of Kolomenskoye, drawing

The 1820s

The museum stock comprises albums on Old Russian architecture that were published in mid-XIX century by Fedor (Friederich) Richter who laid the basis for scientific restoration in Russia and at the end of the XIX century by Vladimir Suslov, architect and researcher of Russian architecture.

Albums on Old Russian culture make another part of the collection, among them the albums created in 1849-1853 by Fedor Solntsev, well-known painter and archaeologist, author of the scientific work Antiquities of the Russian State as well as albums belonging to Dmitry Rovinsky, collector and folk art researcher, that feature views of Solovetsky Monastery dated by 1884 and his collection of popular print dated by 1893.

Tsar’s clothes, XVII century
Sheet from the Antiquities of the Russian State album

Chromolithography by F.Draeger after a drawing by Fedor Solntsev

1849-1853

Four Seasons

Popular print from the collection of Dmitry Rovinsky

End of the XVIII century

Milestones in the History of Kolomenskoye exposition

at the Front Gate of the Tsar’s Courtyard in Kolomenskoye

A popular series of albums on Russian folk woodwork published by archaeologist and collector Alexey Bobrinsky at the beginning of the XX century as well as an edition of Russian portraits of XVIII-XIX centuries published at the initiative of Grand Prince Nikolay Mikhailovich at the same time, make one more section of the collection.

Works of modern graphic artists are also represented, among them a series of lithographies by Sergey Kharlamov dedicated to Medieval Russia, etchings by Valery Vlasov that capture a view of surviving Old Russian architectural sites, water-colours by Igor Manukhov that focus on architecture of the past and linoleum engravings by Boris Shapovalov that feature landmarks of Kolomenskoye.

Among recent acquisitions there is an invaluable collection of engraved maps of Russia made by foreign artists in XVII and XVIII century that came from a Moscow collector Andrey Kusakin as well as painted and graphic portraits of Russian rulers, portrait engravings depicting European monarchs contemporary with the first rulers of the Romanov dynasty, portraits of state and military figures that were contemporaries of Peter I and participants of Patriotic War of 1812.

 

Jan Van Keulen

White Seamap

Amsterdam, 1680

Portrait of Emperor Alexander I

End of the 1820s

Engraving by Jan Muller after a portrait by Pieter Isaacks

Christian IV, King ofDenmarkandNorway…

Belgium, 1625

 

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