House of Peter I, an interior exposition

The House of Peter I that was named a palace in the documents of XVIII and XIX century, was built in 1702 by Russian and Dutch masters on St. Mark Island at the Northern Dvina River outflow, near Arkhangelsk. Like any other house in the north of Russia, it was built of thick logs, was made coldproof with moss and had low doorways and mica windows. The Tsar lived there in the summer of 1702 for two and a half months to supervise the fortification of Novodvinsky fort and war ships construction.
After Peter I’s departure from Arkhangelsk, the house nearly fall to rack and ruin several times because of strong ice-drifts. To save the house from inundation in 1710, it was transferred to the outer settlement of Novodvinsky fort.

In 1854, when the fort lost its military role, most of the settlement, including the house of Peter I, was put under jurisdiction of Arkhangelsk Diocese. In 1877, to preserve the house, it was transported to the centre of Arkhangelsk, to the Northern Dvina River embankment. Further on it was covered first with a wooden case, and than with a stone one. In the 1930s, the authorities of Arkhangelsk decided to dismantle the house of Peter I. Thanks to the efforts of architect and restorer Peter Baranovsky , the first director of Kolomenskoye Museum-Reserve, the house was saved and transported in 1934 to Kolomenskoye.

The exposition at the only estate of Peter I that one can see in Moscow represents a reconstruction of early XVIII century interior and tells about the wide-range interests of the reformer Tsar. In the interior premises reconstructed in accordance with documental descriptions (antechamber, study-room, lumber room, dining room, bedroom, and guard room) you can see authentic items of the epoch from the museum collection.

 

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