Architectural Landmarks

Bridge Tower (Izmailovo)

MostovayaToweris located on the inner bank of the Serebryany (Silver) or Izmailovo pond and represents a surviving part of a unique stone bridge once crossing the pond and leading to theIzmailovoIslandfrom the Vladimirskaya road. A wide water circle formed around the island by the Serebryany and Vinogradny (Grapes) ponds as well as the guarded stone bridge with a big tower on which an alarm bell was installed ensured strong security of the Tsar’s Izmailovo estate in the XVII century. Mostovaya tower executed two functions: it was used as a guarding fort and as the bell tower of the Intercession Cathedral.

Intercession Cathedral (Izmailovo)

The stone Intercession Cathedral was built in the 1670s on the site of a unanimous wooden church. The builders were prescribed to follow the example of the Intercession Cathedral in Alexandrovskaya Sloboda. However, following the scheme of the four-column cathedral and its zakomara roofing they managed to build an edifice that just slightly resembled the prototype. The cathedral in Izmailovo has no household basement, staircases are located on its three sides and it is surmounted with five massive domes. In 1673, the upper part of the cathedral was dressed with raised polychrome tiles. A frieze consisting of 18 elements (called

Nikolayevsky Military Alms-House, architect Konstantin Ton, 1835 (administrative premises by the Front and Back Gate of the Tsar’s Courtyard, Izmailovo)

By the second half of the XVIII century the Tsar’s Courtyard in Izmailovo had become derelict. The situation changed in 1837 when Emperor Nicholas I made a decision to build on the island a military alms-house as well as to restore two ancient churches, a bell tower, the Bridge tower and the Tsar’s Courtyard. The alms-house was intended for the ex-servicemen of the Patriotic War of 1812, the Caucasian War as well as soldiers and officers who served in Semyonovsky, Preobrazhensky, Izmailovsky and other regiments. Nicholas I suggested that the northern and southern porches of the Intercession Cathedral should be

Back Gate (Izmailovo)

On the territory of the Izmailovo Island there are Front Gate and Back Gate that were built in 1682-1683 as well as the stone wall and household structures along the perimeter of the Tsar’s Courtyard. All the structures were built around the palace. The general architectural conception of the Izmailovo Tsar’s Courtyard belonged to Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich, and his son Fedor Alexeevich continued the construction. The Tsar’s Courtyard was built in the center part of the island. The Back Gate served as the entrance to the Izmailovo Island for those coming from Stromynka Street (crossing the Vislaya dam and passing

Cast-iron Arch (Izmailovo)

The cast-iron arch was built in 1852 and served as the main entrance to theIzmailovoIsland. The arch built in Empire style under the guidance of architect Konstantin Ton was erected thanks to the offerings of merchant I. Sorokin. Unfortunately, gate doors have not been preserved.

House of the Commandant (Izmailovo)

A one-storeyed brick structure for pensioners of the military alms-house was built in 1862 on the site of the existing building. The commandant is known to have lived himself in that house later, which explains its name. At the end of the XIX century the first floor and a brick lobby were built on to the house. The ground floor is decorated with a profiled cornice, window frames and other elements while the newer first storey is not so pretentiously adorned. The House of the Commandant is an example of a living house built at the second half of the

Nikolay Durasov’s Palace (Liublino)

The early XIX century Liublino ensemble that has by a miracle survived till our days occupies a peculiar place in the Russian cultural and historical legacy. The estate’s manor house, known as the palace, is the dominant of the entire ensemble: it is situated asymmetrically in relation to other buildings, standing on a high hill above the pond and surrounded by a picturesque park. The Liublino ensemble was created at the beginning of the XIX century by well-known Moscow architects Rodion Kazakov and Ivan Yegotov. The interior chambers were decorated by a popular Italian painter of the time – Domenico

North dwelling premises of the alms-house officials (Izmailovo)

The long two-storeyed building is located in the northern part of the alms-house. The North dwelling premises were reconstructed in the 1970s on the site of a one-storeyed household structure built in the XVII century. At the turn of the XVIII century the building became dilapidated and in the 1830s, when the whole former Tsar’s residence came over to the Military Department, the authorities considered reconstruction of the building and its usage for the alms-house needs. In the 1850s, the building fell into disrepair and was deconstructed because of lack of financial resources. However, the outside northern wall of the

Waterworks (Izmailovo)

The waterworks is located in the south-eastern part of the Izmailovo Island, on the Serebryanka River bank. This household structure was used for water supply of the Izmailovo Nikolaevsky military alms-house whose main quarters were situated to the north of it. There is no archival or literary information concerning the existence of the waterworks on the Izmailovo Island that is why the date of its construction is still questionable. I. Vobly, explorer of the architectural monuments in Izmailovo, supposes that this household structure is the remains of the Prikaz (chancellery) chambers or the Custody facility. According to the Izmailovo extant

Theatre School (Liublino)

The two-storeyed theatre school situated close to the manor house (Palace) was the first one in a row of buildings standing along the entrance alley of the estate, namely: the theatre, the boarding house for noble children, a greenhouse and at the back – a horse yard. The theatre school building consisted of a pair of wings ‘identical in architecture and surmounted by the towers on the top’. Some researchers think that one of them served as dwelling premises for actors and the other was used for school rooms. The wings were connected with an open gallery that echoed in