The Moscow State Integrated Museum-Reserve was created in 2005 as a cessionary the “Kolomenskoye” Museum-Reserve, one of the best-known Moscow museums.
Today, the museum-reserve comprises four historical sites, namely:
- Former village of Kolomenskoye with the Tsar’s Courtyard complex, Museum of Wooden Architecture, ancient gardens and parks, the landmarks dating back from XIV to XIX c.;
- Natural and historical complex of Nikolay Durasov’s estate in Liublino (beginning of the XIX c.);
- Lefortovo Park and Palace (XVIII c.);
- Landmarks at Izmailovo estate (XVII – XIX c.)
Kolomenskoye, a residence of Moscow Grand Princes and Russian Tsars first mentioned in the XIV century. Its unique architectural complex is of great art and historical value.
It is here that the Church of the Ascension, built in 1532, is located. The church has been known for centuries as a unique example of Russian architecture that has deeply influenced the architectural tradition of East European countries. This is one of the first tent-roof stone churches in Russia. In all its years it has never undergone considerable rebuilding or reconstruction, which was one of the reasons why it was included in 1994 into UNESCO World Heritage List, along with Moscow Kremlin and Red Square.
Another three architectural landmarks can be seen in close proximity to the Church of the Ascension: St. George the Victorious Bell Tower (XVI c.), Water Tower (XVII c.), and 1825 Pavillion built by Eugraph Tyurin.
In the former village of Dyakovo there is a marvellous XVI century architectural site – the Church of Beheading of St. John the Forerunner. Built in the middle of the century, it served as prototype for St. Basil’s (Intercession) Cathedral on the Red Square and is attributed to the same architects.
15 May 2008, the Museum of Wooden Architecture opened bringing together authentic monuments, including Passage Tower of Nikolo-Korelsky Monastery from the White Sea coast, Tower of Bratsk Stockaded Fort as well as Mohkovaya Tower of Sumskoy Stockaded Fort, all built by the second half of the XVII century.
In Kolomenskoye you can see unique archaeological monuments, notably the Dyakovo ancient settlement that gave name to the Iron Age Dyakovo culture.
Kolomenskoye represents a nationally preserved landscape with the original ancient relief and unique flora. Most of the territory is occupied by vast parks, picturesque ravines, high hills and the quite Moskva River bank. This peculiar reserve that comprises historic, architectural, archaeological and natural landmarks is situated almost in the centre of the city.
In 2010, reconstruction of the unique wooden Palace of the Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich was completed on the territory of the former village of Dyakovo. The purpose of this large-scale project was to create a museum and exhibition centre, an exposition featuring elements of XVII century culture and every-day life of the Tsars, as well as regular expositions from the museum’s stock.
The total area of the palace that consists of six premises connected by corridors makes7,230 sq. m. including I, 400 sq.m. envisaged for interior decor. In each of the 24 interiors that have been reconstructed, close ties between the architecture and design on the one hand and function on the other hand have been shown. 226 experts of 20 professions were involved in the interior reconstruction. The reconstructed wooden palace has become a particular museum site with a great potential for educational and tourist programs on Russian history and culture.
Liublino is a park and palace estate dating back to XVIII and XIX centuries. The lands in which the park and palace are situated are first mentioned sources dated by the end of the XVI century. In the 1680, the land was owned by a well-known noble Godunov family; at the beginning of the XIX century it was bought by Nikolay Durasov (1760-1818), a richMoscow landlord, the best-known owner of Liublino estate. Under Nikolay Durasov Liublino became a favourite rest and entertainment place forMoscow nobility. Parties, receptions, theatre performances and concerts were given here. Nikolay Durasov’s palace is one of a few examples of ripe classicism surviving inMoscow. Every-day life of the Russian estate, traditions and culture of the Russian nobility is brightly illustrated in interior expositions and exhibitions at the palace.
Lefortovo is the main XVIII century Imperial residence inMoscow that served as a prototype for country residences ofSaint Petersburg. Its acme came to the end of the XVII century: unique park and palace ensembles that have survived to our days took shape under young Tsar Peter. Visiting Lefortovo, you may learn about Franz Lefort, Peter I’s counterpart, take a walk around Golovinsky garden, come to Peter I’s summerhouse and see the grotto build by the great master Bartolomeo Rastrelli.
Izmailovo is a famous country residence of Russian Tsars. In 1654, when Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich Romanov became owner of these vast ancestral boyars’ lands, the estate made part of the palace household. It was there, at the linen yard, that the sixteen-year-old Tsar Peter found in 1688 an old English boat, ordering since than to call Izmailovo “the cradle of Russian fleet”. In Izmailovo one can see architectural sites dating to the end of the XVII century and making part of the Tsar’s Courtyard as well as premises of Nikolaevsky alms-house built in the XIX century for 1812 Patriotic War ex-servicemen.